Here are the complete fourteen points of Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Soon after the Nehru Report that was considered as the last word from Hindu Leaders, as it only demanded dominant status for Hindus therefore Muslim league in a wise move to defend the Muslims’ rights and to ensure more safeguards for Indian Muslims authorized Quaid e Azam Jinnah to draft a list of demands i.e. basic terms for the future constitution to represent maximum demands for the Muslims Since all the Muslims as well as their leaders were against the Nehru Report, these fourteen points were simply framed in a way to counter the Hindu proposals mentioned in the Nehru Report.
So on 28 March 1929 Quaid-e-Azam presented the famous fourteen points at the annual session of All India Muslim at Delhi. Since those main demands were totally fourteen in number, that’s why they are widely called as Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s Fourteen Points.
Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah Fourteen Points
- Federal System
The form of future constitution should need to be federal allowing residuary powers rested in the provinces.
- Provincial Autonomy
All provinces shall be granted a uniform measure of autonomy. Means all provinces must have equal autonomy.
- Representation of Minorities
All legislative in the country and other elected groups shall be constituted to allow on the definite principles of effective representation of minorities in, legislatures and in every province.
- Number of Muslim Representative
Muslims representatives shall be not less than one-third in the central legislative.
- Separate Electorates
Representative of communal groups shall continue to be by means of separate electorates as at present provided it shall be open to any community, at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favor of joint electorate.
- Muslim Majority Provinces
No territorial re-distribution necessary need to be made that effect Muslim majority provinces Bengal, Punjab and North West frontier province (N.W.F.P).
- Religious Liberty
Full religious Liberty, liberty of belief, worship and observance, association and education shall be guaranteed to all the communication.
- Three-Fourth Representation
Any bill that is opposed by ¾ of the members of legislative community then No such resolution or bill shall be passed in any legislative.
- Separation of Sind
Sind should be separated from Bombay Presidency.
- Introduction of Reforms in N.W.F.P and Baluchistan
Implementations of reforms should be introduced in Balochistan and North-West Frontier Province on the same footing as in other provinces.
- Government Services
Muslims should be given adequate share of government services along with other Indians.
- Protection of Muslim’s culture and Language
The constitution should embody adequate safeguard for the protection of Muslim culture, language, religion and civilization.
- One-Third Muslim Ministers
Both the central and provincial cabinets must have at least one-third Muslim Ministers.
Changes that are made in the constitution of state must be approved by the states.
Although these fourteen points that contained some of the most moderate and reasonable demands for the Muslims of Indian subcontinent were rejected by the Hindu leaders which further broadened the gulf between Hindus and Muslims. In fact Quaid-e-Azam’s fourteen points were simply a measured response to Nehru report because it was not accepted by Muslim League as it excluded the demand of separate electorates for the minorities (i.e. Muslims). Not only these fourteen points widened the political gap between the two community leaders but they also considered to be the main principles for the Muslims of India.
Thus it is very hard to deny the fact that “Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah fourteen points” later known to be demand of the Muslims in India and deeply influenced the Muslims’ ideology till the establishment of Pakistan. In short the fourteen points are still considered as the bold step by the Muslims of India to their struggle for freedom.